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Wednesday, July 15, 2020 | History

1 edition of Neonatal tetanus elimination found in the catalog.

Neonatal tetanus elimination

field guide

by Pan American Health Organization

  • 103 Want to read
  • 36 Currently reading

Published by Pan American Health Organization, Regional Office of the World Health Organization in Washington, D.C .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Prévention,
  • HEALTH & FITNESS,
  • Children"s Health,
  • Vaccination,
  • MEDICAL,
  • Infant, Newborn, Diseases,
  • Guideline,
  • Prevention and control,
  • Tétanos,
  • Prevention,
  • Public health surveillance,
  • Pediatrics,
  • Tetanus,
  • Tetanus in newborn infants,
  • Epidemiology,
  • Épidémiologie

  • About the Edition

    This guide emphasizes the progress made by surveillance systems in the identification and monitoring of high-risk areas and the conduct of special immunization activities targeting women of childbearing age who live in those areas. Such measures are meant to complement routine procedures such as providing diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus (DPT) vaccine for infants and children and tetanus and diphtheria toxoid (DT/Td) for school-aged children and pregnant women. Detailed information on clean delivery and post-delivery practices will no be given, as these topics are thoroughly covered in other docum.

    Edition Notes

    SeriesScientific and technical publication -- no. 602, Scientific and technical publication (Washington, D.C.) -- no. 602.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRJ320.T4 N46 2005eb
    The Physical Object
    Format[electronic resource] :
    Pagination1 online resource (ix, 48 p.)
    Number of Pages48
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL27076850M
    ISBN 109275127123
    ISBN 109789275127124
    OCLC/WorldCa184744329

      The Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus elimination initiative was launched by UNICEF, WHO and UNFPA(The United Nations Population Fund Agency) in , revitalizing the goal of MNT elimination as a public health problem - defined as “ less than one case of neonatal tetanus per live births in every district of every country”. In the WHO declared the goal to eliminate neonatal tetanus by The elimination standard was set to 1 case of MNT per live births. Due to slow progress, this goal was pushed back to , then and eventually no specific goal was set. Instead the organizations Kiwanis and UNICEF partnered in to form the ELIMINATE project.

    Region of the Americas eliminates maternal and neonatal tetanus Washington, D.C., Septem (PAHO/UNICEF) - The Region of the Americas has eliminated maternal and neonatal tetanus (MNT), a disease that used to be responsible for the deaths of more t newborns every year in the Americas. In the World Health Assembly adopted the goal of neonatal tetanus (NT) elimination by the year The Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) has defined the elimination target as a reduction in the incidence of NT to less than 1 case per live births in every district of every country.

    neonatal tetanus is called the “silent killer.” Elimination of NNT by was redefined as less than one case per live births in every district in every country. Major progress toward that goal has been achieved. In alone, an estimated , potential deaths due to NNT were prevented. By , out of developing. Vandelaer J, Birmingha M, Gasse F, Kurian M, Shaw C, Garnier S. Tetanus in developing countries: an update on the maternal and neonatal tetanus elimination initiative. Vaccine. ; 21 (24): 2. Tetanus (PDF). CDC Pink Book. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3. Doshi A, Warrell C, Dahdaleh D, Kullmann D. Just a graze?


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Neonatal tetanus elimination by Pan American Health Organization Download PDF EPUB FB2

This publication offers a unique approach to the strategies that have made the elimination of neonatal tetanus in the Americas possible. The guide provides up-to-date information and describes innovative field techniques that can be adapted and applied throughout the Region.

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report US Department of Health and Human Services/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention MMWR / May 1, / Vol. 69 / No. 17 Progress Towa. Inthe 42nd World Health Assembly called for the elimination of neonatal tetanus by The following year, the World Summit for Children listed neonatal tetanus elimination as one of its goals, and the goal was again endorsed by the 44th World Health Assembly in Due to slow implementation.

Maternal and neonatal tetanus* (MNT) remains a major public health problem, with an 80%–% case-fatality rate among neonates, especially in areas with poor immunization coverage and limited access to clean deliveries (i.e., delivery in a health facility or assisted by medically trained attendants in sanitary conditions) and umbilical cord care (1).

The primary aim of the Neonatal Tetanus Elimination Field Guide is to provide those who already have managed to reduce the incidence of this disease to zero, as well as med- ical officers and other health personnel involved in neonatal tetanus elimination ef.

Preface. Introduction. Background Program Strategy Program Management Information Systems. Epidemiology of Neonatal Tetanus. Occurrence Epidemiologic Characteristics Infectious Agent Reservoir Transmission Incubation Communicability Susceptibility and Immunity Control.

Clinical Aspects. The Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus Elimination Program (MNTE) launched by World Health Assembly aims to eliminate MNT through promotion of clean birth and neonatal care Neonatal tetanus elimination book, as well as maternal immunization with tetanus toxoid.

6 Field manual for neonatal tetanus elimination Tetanus is a serious disease in newborn infants. Each year, more than infants die from neonatal tetanus (tetanus in the first month of life), and nearly 40 mothers.

The definition of Neonatal Tetanus (NT) elimination as a public health problem is having less than one NT case per live births in every district per year. Maternal tetanus is assumed to be eliminated once NT elimination has been achieved. UNICEF: coordination of accelerated activities and strengthening routine.

The maternal and neonatal tetanus elimination initiative has resulted in significant reductions in mortality from neonatal tetanus throughout the world. Areas of controversy Although there are few data available it is likely that large numbers of children and adults, particularly men, remain unprotected due to lack of booster by:   Every 15 minutes, a newborn perishes of neonatal tetanus.

Inneonatal tetanus killed nea newborns. Sub-Saharan Africa records the world’s highest rates of newborn and maternal mortality.

If current trends continue, 56 million children under the age of 5 are projected to die between andhalf of them newborns. One of the milestones, i.e., elimination of neonatal tetanus, is being achieved by some states of India through the MNT elimination program.

The rest of the Indian states should follow such strategies and strengthen tetanus immunization coverage so that lives of mothers and children can be by: 5.

Introduction. Neonatal tetanus (NT), a highly fatal infection of the neonatal period, is caused by the bacterium Clostridium develops when the umbilical cord becomes contaminated with C. tetani spores as a result of unhygienic delivery or cord care practices after delivery.1, 2 The disease usually occurs in rural settings with poor access to health facilities.3, 4 Cited by: Generalized tetanus (lockjaw) is a neurologic disease manifesting as trismus and severe muscular spasms, including risus is gradual, occurring over 1 to 7 days, and symptoms progress to severe painful generalized muscle spasms, which often are aggravated by any external mic dysfunction, manifesting as diaphoresis, tachycardia, labile.

To achieve the global maternal and neonatal tetanus (MNT) elimination, it is vital to develop an ideal theoretical framework that can be used for the disease elimination. The theoretical framework for this review is the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), a modified model of the Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA).

The TPB was meant to be applied to the prediction. Elimination" is defined as less than 1 case per 1, live births in every district of the country. Since tetanus can also strike postpartum mothers, the campaign has been expanded to target both maternal and neonatal tetanus.

In many affected countries, there was a lack of awareness of maternal and neonatal tetanus and how to prevent lty: Pediatrics, Infectious disease.

Pakistan is one of the 34 countries that have not achieved the neonatal tetanus (NT) global elimination target set by the World Health Organization (WHO). NT. Introduction. Tetanus in the first 28 days of life, known as neonatal tetanus (NT), develops when Clostridium tetani spores, omnipresent in nature, are introduced via the umbilical cord during an unhygienic delivery or after delivery through improper umbilical stump care.

Hygienic delivery and cord care practices can easily prevent NT, as can by: Tetanus is a vaccine-preventable disease of significant public health importance especially in developing countries. The WHO strategy for the elimination of maternal and neonatal tetanus. The World Health Organization has reached another disease elimination milestone: the organization announced on Septemthat maternal and neonatal tetanus (MNT) have been eliminated from the WHO Region of the Americas.

This achievement comes after a concerted campaign in Haiti. The aim of the vaccination is to eliminate neonatal tetanus in Kenya through vaccination campaigns in districts that have been identified as at high risk for maternal and neonatal tetanus.Get this from a library!

Neonatal tetanus elimination: field guide. [Pan American Health Organization.;] -- This guide emphasizes the progress made by surveillance systems in the identification and monitoring of high-risk areas and the conduct of special immunization activities targeting women of.Neonatal tetanus, which the World Health Organization targeted for elimination byaccounted for approximat deaths in While this represents a decrease in mortality of 92 percent compared with [ 15 ], as of24 countries had still not eliminated maternal and neonatal tetanus [ 16 ].